An Informative Guide on the Different Gemstone Cuts

Did you know the average American spends $6,324 on an engagement ring?

Oftentimes, when we hear diamond, we think of engagement rings. However, there are many other reasons to buy diamonds and precious stones.

Just as there are many reasons to buy a diamond, there are also a lot of different cuts. If you have been curious about the different gemstone cuts, you came to the right place.

These engagement rings are some of the most romantic and classy and are sure to please.


The round cut is one of the most popular stone cuts out there.

To qualify as a round-cut, the stone needs to be a circular shape and have 58 facets.

Round-cut stones have been around since the early 1700s, but they became popular in the early 1900s.

Old European Cuts

Another round shaped cut is the old European cut stone.

Although it’s similar to the round-cut, the old European cut looks circular from the top. The bottom part of the stone is circular, but the crown is slightly raised.

Old European cuts also have larger facets, and the tip of the stone is flat. This stone became popular in the 19th century.


The baguette cut gets its name after the famous French bread. One can identify the baguette-cut due to the slender or elongated shape.

There are two step-cut stones on the side, which accentuate the larger center rectangle.


The emerald cut stone is a rectangular-shaped stone with truncated corners. To qualify as an emerald cut, the stone must have 58 facets.

Because of the flat pavilion, imperfections can get magnified, which is why the clarity of the diamond is important.

Although this cut was mostly used on emeralds, this shape can be seen in other precious stones. The Rare Gemstone Company has an extensive collection of precious and rare stones.


Known as either marquise- or navette-cut (“little boat” or “sailboat” in French), this cut has an elliptical shape that tapers at both ends.

To qualify as a marquise-cut, the stone must have 58 facets.

Oval Shape

The oval cut shape was first created in the 1960s, and it’s quite similar to the round cut shape.

This classic and romantic cut has 58 facets.


Cushion cut stones have the shape of a throw pillow. These stones are square and have rounded edges.

Cushion cut stones have 58 facets, which look like small stones. The cushion-cut stone dates back to the 1700s, and its popularity continued until the 19th century.

The cut gets its name since it was easier to handle the rough shape of the diamond. Cushion cuts were first used on diamonds mined in Brazil — later found in South Africa.

Rose-Cut Stone

The rose-cut shape is an antique and classic style dating back to the 16th century.

Rose-cut diamonds get the name because the stone looks like a flower.

To identify the rose-cut diamond, one must lookout for a flat top and domed crown. The rose-cut also has 12 or 24 facets.

Princess-Cut Stone

Popular since the 1960s, the princess cut has a square shape with pointed corners, and it’s a modified brilliant-cut.

Since this cut has maximum brilliance, it’s one of the most popular diamond shapes.

Princess shape diamonds are one of the most popular choices for engagement rings. Due to the square-shape, most of the stone gets preserved, so there’s less waste.


The French-cut stone is a square or rectangular shape.

One can distinguish the French-cut stone since the facets cross at the crown make.

This cut has been around since the 14th century and became popular again in the Edwardian period.

Radiant-Cut Stone

Invented in the 1970s by master diamond cutter Henry Grossbard, the radiant-cut diamond is a combination of rectangular or square shapes.

The corners are trimmed in the shape of rectangles. Because this cut has between 60 to 70 facets, it’s often compared to the princess cut. Most radiant-cut stones have high brilliance and radiance.


The Asscher-cut diamond in a close relative of the emerald cut diamond.

Instead of a rectangle, the Asscher-cut is a square step-cut diamond.

However, the Asscher-cut looks like an octagonal when viewed from above, unlike the emerald cut diamond. In 1902, the Royal Asscher Diamond Company created this cut.

This cut quickly became popular in the Art Deco period.


The trillion-cut diamond is a modified brilliant-cut in the shape of a triangle.

Although triangle-shaped stones are not as traditional, trillion-cut stones 31 to 50 facets.

To identify the trillion shape, one must look for the flank center stone and the straight or curved sides.

The Henry Meyer Diamond Company of New York created and trademarked the trillion-cut diamond in 1962.


As the name suggests, the pear-cut has the shape of a teardrop, on one side its round and pointed at the other side.

Also known as the pendeloque, this cut became popular in the 15th century.

A Flemish stonecutter created the pear-cut.

Old Mine

Old mine-cuts are another classic and antique cut, which are also identified by their curved and square shapes.

Since this cut came into existence before the invention of modern faceting, these stones are never as bright as more modern cuts.

These Are Some of the Most Popular Gemstone Cuts

Now that you know more about these popular gemstone cuts, you can decide which one fits your personality.

Each cut has its own story, and you can buy based on what you identify with most.

If you enjoyed this article and would like to learn more fun facts on other topics, check out the rest of our blog.

Jeff Campbell

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