Low entry threshold, some of the highest salaries, free programming courses with future employment, a variety of specialties to suit all tastes – all this makes the profession of programmer very popular. And the coolest thing is that anyone can independently learn the field and become a programmer. But the main question is what programming language a beginner should learn to become a sought-after specialist?
How to understand what direction to choose
Someone chooses a profession that is easy to enter and does not require long training. Someone looks at the level of salaries by city. Someone is ready to work for not much money, but in a job, which brings him pleasure. What about programming? It is impossible to answer exactly which programmers are most in demand – each specialty has its own customer.
Salaries are about the same for specialists in different fields. You will have to study a lot and continuously, because the technology is constantly changing. And the diversity in IT is very broad: from the creation of firmware for household appliances to game development.
Do not be guided by the complexity of the language that you will have to learn for work. Once you master one (even if it’s Pascal in your second year of college), you can easily learn the other.
The smartest thing is to pay attention to the field that interests you. If you like to spend your evenings playing video games, your choice is gamdev, not programming microcontrollers. And vice versa: if you like solving complex, low-level problems, you should go to the server side of the web or firmware.
Pay attention to who you will have to work with. Thus, a developer of frontend or mobile applications will have to interact with designers, SEO-specialists, managers and often the customers themselves. And a specialist in the field of Data Science will only work with colleagues and marketers.
If you prefer to perform tasks alone, without interacting with clients and specialists in other areas, choose a lower (i.e., machine, not visual) level of programming.
But when choosing a profession it is worth remembering that not everywhere in IT is ready to accept the newcomers, just graduated from courses for novice programmers. It is worth paying attention to several indicators:
The more complex and responsible the field, the fewer job openings there are for beginners. Many juniors – that is, novice programmers – are looked for, for example, in frontend development and application development.
- In IT, they don’t look at whether you have a degree. The important indicator is knowledge, portfolio, and the ability to complete a test assignment. Therefore, you can get a job as a programmer, even after the 9th grade, without going to university So don’t hesitate to use do my homework for me service and focus on what’s really important.
- If you live in a small town, the easiest way to enter IT is through the web. Because of the pandemic, companies around the world have begun to actively recruit remote employees.
- If you have learned a very rare language (such as Rust or Erlang), you will be difficult to find a suitable position. But if you find one, you can count on a very high salary.
- In small companies you will be a “healer and reaper”, which means that you will have to develop horizontally, learning new languages and technologies, due to which the salary will grow. And in large corporations, due to the large team of developers, there will be an emphasis on one or two areas that you will have to develop to perfection.
- Not all companies are looking for cool professionals. Virtually every team needs a “bruiser” who is more or less versed in the subject and is able to do small routine tasks every day, without striving for career growth and big projects. If you like programming, but are not ready to devote all your free time to it, there is still a job for you.
Necessary skills for a web programmer
Perhaps the web is the easiest way to get acquainted with programming and get started right away. It is no accident courses frontend and backend developers have become so popular.
And the options for working in Web-programming in several ways: and visual design, and the server part, and work with databases. You can become an expert in one of these areas, or learn all at once.
A frontend developer is the person who makes a complete visual version of the site from a picture by the designer. Content display, banners and sliders, pop-up windows – all this does frontend. The direction is considered simple, because most of the tasks there are the same.
Learning frontend-specialist fast enough and accessible even without teachers. The only thing you may need is programming homework service The following skills will be required:
HTML and CSS at a high level. Be sure to master cross-browser and adaptive layout.
Get to know the BEM methodology, the SASS and LESS preprocessors and version control systems. A prerequisite for working as a frontend developer is the ability to work with graphic editors. A separate plus is the knowledge of different CMSs at the content level and a rough understanding of server operations.
A backend-programmer is a person who is responsible for the correct operation of the site, the deployment of the server, interaction with databases, algorithms, subscriptions – all that the user does not see in the browser. Studying the backend is a typical development for coders who want a better understanding of site design. You will have to learn a lot before you become a backend developer:
Server programming languages: PHP or Python. You do not need to learn both, it is enough to master only one of them. May need C++.
Knowledge of PHP will immediately open up a lot of jobs for you. Almost all businesses and stores in our country work with programs of the 1C family.
Therefore, for the sites they have to use CMS Bitrix, which is written in PHP and is known for its problematic work. Therefore, there are a lot of vacancies for mid-level PHP programmers in any city. But the specialists in Python have to look for work in the capital or in a remote location.
Skills in working with databases: MySQL, PostgreSQL and Java. Depending on your place of work, knowledge of 1C may come in handy.
In addition to languages have to learn the settings of Nginx and Apache and work with the API. It is the backend-developer will have to install CMSs on sites, so it is worth studying the most popular systems (WordPress, Bitrix, OpenCart). Of course, it is necessary to be able to work through Git and version control system.
Let’s go “on the contrary”: first choose the language, and then – the sphere of activity
If you can’t decide on the field you would like to work in, you can take a different path. Note: some languages are used in very narrow spheres, and some are used almost everywhere. So it’s easy to assess your career prospects if you know a particular language and technology.
- Python: it’s Backend development, software creation, Data Science and Automation QA;
- C++, C#: Desktop applications, Embedded development, Game Dev and a bit of Backend;
- Swift, Objective-C: iOS and macOS apps;
- PHP: Backend site development;
- C: Embedded Development;
- R, SAS: Data Science;
- Kotlin: Android application development.
To be a good specialist, you will have to constantly learn new technologies, to delve into the areas studied and get acquainted with the new. And the possibility of an individual work schedule, a high level of salary and the famous “tea and cookies in the office” is a great bonus to doing what you love.