Refinancing is a process through which a borrower replaces an existing loan with one that has better rates, terms and conditions. Many people refinance a loan because they have the opportunity (with the new loan) to get a lower interest rate or reduce their monthly payments. Additionally, they can move from a fixed interest rate to a variable one or vice versa.
Sometimes people take out loans without reading the fine prints or even when they read, they are not calm enough to count the cost. For example, some people choose a loan with a variable interest rate because the initial rate was ‘cheap’ only for it to rise. When the rate now rises, it becomes a burden for them to repay on the increased terms. Click here for more insight into fixed interest and variable interest rates.
In other instances, some people have multiple debts from different credit cards. Others may have loans from different creditors. All these can lead one into debts that become difficult to service. Sometimes the interest rate is so high that the loans become more expensive than expected. At other times, it may be that the borrower forgets to make some payments due to the multiplicity of the debts.
In this article, we will discuss how a borrower can get refinancing without security. We will discuss these under a general category and then look at refinancing a student’s loan and a mortgage.
Steps to Applying for Refinancing without Security
On a general note, here are some steps to take when you want to refinance a debt:-
Shop around for lenders who will give you a good deal on your refi loan. It is recommended that you start out with your existing lender; they may be willing to review and revise the terms and conditions of your loan and also the interest rate.
Some experts recommend that you get a new offer from your current lender and also get offers from at least 3 new ones. We agree with that because then you will know whether you are getting a good deal or not.
Below are some things to bear in mind as you go comparison shopping:-
- Use the same parameters in your comparison
- Use the right method to do your comparison – Get many offers, consider the interest rates and the terms and conditions.
- Explore diverse lenders – do not look out for only conventional banks or financial institutions. Also look out for reputable online lenders.
Apply to as Many Lenders as Possible
You cannot embark on your comparison shopping without applying to different banks or financial institutions. There is the danger of harming your credit history by applying to banks or firms that will do a hard credit inquiry once you apply. For this reason, it is necessary that you look out for banks or firms that will allow you to pre-qualify with only a soft inquiry.
The hard credit inquiry goes on your credit record and can reduce your credit score that is why you should steer clear of firms that insists on it. Look for creditors that allow you to pre-qualify with only a soft credit inquiry which doesn’t go on your credit record.
When you apply to as many of these players as possible, you will get enough offers to compare and then get the best interest rate and terms and conditions.
Choose the Best Option for You
After you have applied to as many players as possible and they have sent you their offers, you can then compare and choose the best offer for you. You can visit https://refinansiere.net/ to see how to compare offers and choose the best option. This step is an especially important one for anyone who really wants to find the best deal.
Close the Deal
After you have identified the best offer for you, go ahead and close the deal.
Now that we have given you steps for refinancing in general, let’s go on to specifics.
The process for refinancing student’s loan is pretty much the same as the steps we have enumerated above. So we will share factors that anyone seeking to refinance a student’s loan should bear in mind. They include the following:-
The Type of Loan In Question
The type of loan you took will determine a lot of thing when you go for refinancing. We know that there are different lenders for student loans; there are private lenders and government loans. Bear in mind that you can only refinance your loan through private entities. So if you took out a federal loan, you will lose some benefits if you refinance.
People who took out federal student loan usually have some federal protection such as repayment plans based on their income, federal forbearance and some other benefits.
Payment Duration Left to Pay off the Loan
If you have just a little while left to pay off your loan, it might be wise to stick it out. This is because a refi might prolong your repayment period which will mean more interest to pay overtime which results in an overall costlier debt.
But if you still have a long time to go on your loan or a considerable length of time, a refinance might be just what you need. This therefore means that you should consider how much time you have left and whether you will be saving or losing money with a refi. Check out this article to see the impact of student loan on the economy.
Ability to Make the Monthly Payment
If you are unable to make the monthly payment of your current loan comfortably, then a refinance might be what you need. But note that while a refinance will get you lower monthly payments, your interest will certainly be higher at the long run. However, if the monthly payment doesn’t impact on your living standard, you may not need to consider refinancing.
Prevailing Interest Rate
If the interest rates have reduced, it might be a good time to refinance; after all, that is the major reason why a good number of people decide to refinance a debt. In the bid to get a lower interest rate, ensure that you do not elongate the duration of your loan so that it wouldn’t diminish the value of the refinancing.
This is a process through which you replace your existing housing loan with a new one. Many homeowners do this so that they can get a lower interest rate, reduce the duration of the loan, reduce their monthly payments or get money from the equity in the home.
Below are the steps for refinancing your mortgage:-
Know Your Credit History
You need to know your credit score and other details of your credit history. This is necessary because it will determine rates that you will get from lenders. Homeowners who have a high credit score stand a better chance to get the lowest rates and best terms and conditions available.
So if you are looking to refinance your mortgage and your credit score is low, try to shore up your score before applying for a refi.
Know How Much Equity You Have In Your Home
You need to know the amount of equity you have in your home. Your home equity is determined by the value of your home minus the amount outstanding on your housing loan. A homeowner with 5% equity can get a refi but rates, terms and conditions might not be favourable.
However, homeowners with 20% equity in their homes stand the chance of getting refi with better rates and fewer fees.
Organize Your Paperwork
You know all the documents that were requested by the lender when you applied for and obtained the initial loan. Therefore before you embark on applying for a refinance loan, ensure that you have all those documents ready and even others that may be needed.
These documents include but are not limited to pay slips, tax returns and bank statements. Organizing your paperwork before starting the application process will make it less stressful and more seamless for you.
Prepare for Appraisal
No lender will approve a mortgage refinance without appraising the property. So ensure that your home is prepared for appraisal. You may need to do some home improvements; if you do, ensure that you record it and let the potential lender know about it. This will score you more points.
Prepare to Pay Some Cash at Closing
There are some fees that come with closing a mortgage refinancing deal. You may have to pay about 3 to 5 percent of the total cost of the loan at the closing. So prepare your mind to put down some cash at the closing.
Monitor the Loan
When your application is approved and funds disbursed, ensure that you monitor everything that has to do with the loan. Keep your paperwork secure and ensure that you make your monthly payments without fail. You can even set up an automatic debit instruction so that you wouldn’t default.
The subject of refinancing is a wide one that cannot be exhausted in one article. However, we believe that with the information shared here, you will not grope in the dark if you need to refinance any debt that you have.