I have a toddler in my wife, and my wife and I do occasionally use recipes that call for wine. So we’ve wondered can toddlers eat food cooked in wine?
I decided to look into it and here’s what I discovered:
Contrary to popular belief, all alcohol does not cook off when cooked and some methods leave up to 85% of the alcohol remaining. To be safe, simmer food with small amounts of beer or wine for 90 minutes or more, and avoid giving toddlers food cooked with liquor.
But there’s a great deal more to know about cooking with wine (or beer) and if the alcohol really cooks out. So we’ll explore if it cooks out and if so, how long and high of a temp that takes.
That way, you can rest easy knowing your kids aren’t accidentally ingesting alcohol.
Let’s get going!
Does wine cook out of food?
Not fully is the short answer.
Most of us, myself included have long heard the urban myth than cooking removes the alcohol. Most people have never questioned that either.
But it’s not really accurate.
Back in the ’90s, the US Department of Agriculture’s conducted a study titled “Alcohol retention in food preparation”.
In that study, they used 6 different recipes and cooking methods to test the theory. As you can see in their chart, some recipes like pot roast only had 4-6% of the alcohol left when serving.
But a Grand Marnier sauce, by comparison, which had the alcohol added to the sauce mix at 195° degrees, retained up to 85% of the alcohol; not what you want for your toddler!
So what accounts for the differences in alcohol retention?
The study found that the type of heat used made all the difference. Simmering seemed to produce the best results.
The pot roast is a great example of that having been simmered for 2 1/2 hours. The oysters, on the other hand, were baked a higher temperature, but for far less time with much less direct heat. So it makes sense that they still retained almost half the alcohol of when the dish started cooking.
But as the study concludes, “the assumption that all alcohol is evaporated when heat is applied during cooking is not valid.”
The factors they found that influence alcohol cooking off the most include:
- Type of heat source
- Lighting the alcohol on fire results in much smaller alcohol loss
- The type of cooking vessel (pot, pan, etc) can also affect alcohol loss
So if you are cooking with alcohol and planning on feeding it to your toddler or other kids, pay close attention to those things!
How long should you boil wine to remove the alcohol?
Alcohol boils at a lower temperature than water; 186.8°, compared to water which boils at 212°.
Technically, products can be considered non-alcoholic when the alcohol content reaches .5%. So how long does that take?
Well as we learned in the above section, that depends on the heat source, cooking time, and a few other factors.
But if you’re just boiling the wine on the stovetop, you’re looking at about 30 minutes.
This handy chart courtesy of the US Department of Agriculture may help in getting you some answers though for other cooking methods:
Alcohol Burn-off Chart – US Dept of Agriculture
|Preparation Method||Percent Retained|
|alcohol added to boiling liquid & removed from heat||85%|
|no heat, stored overnight||70%|
|baked, 25 minutes, alcohol not stirred into mixture||45%|
|Baked/simmered dishes with alcohol stirred into mixture:|
|15 minutes cooking time||40%|
|30 minutes cooking time||35%|
|1 hour cooking time||25%|
|1.5 hours cooking time||20%|
|2 hours cooking time||10%|
|2.5 hours cooking time||5%|
Can toddlers eat food cooked in beer?
The most common thing might be beer cheese soup or chili, both of which I have made and added beer to.
We know from the sections above that simmering in a larger pot of skillet produces the best results in terms of cooking off alcohol. Beer also only has 14 grams of alcohol per a 12 fluid ounce can or bottle.
That’s quite a bit less than most other wines and spirits according to Nutrition Profiles.
Now, I fully admit I’ve given my young kids chili I’ve made with a can of beer in it. I’ve also used a little beer in some batters for deep frying too. And when I make risotto, I always use some wine in addition to chicken broth.
I was still operating then under the assumption that cooking removes the alcohol, which we now know as false.
And nothing bad happened (at least as far as the alcohol goes).
But for maximum safety for your kids, simmer food on the stovetop for at least 30 minutes if not 1 or more hours and use the least amount of alcohol possible for your recipe.
Can babies eat food with wine in it?
It’s best not to give babies or toddlers any food that’s been cooked with liquor. But generally speaking, beer or wine can be ok. But again, the cooking method varies greatly in terms of how much alcohol remains in the food when it’s time to eat.
The longer you cook food that you’ve added alcohol to, the lower the percentage of alcohol remaining when you serve it.
As an example, soups, or sauces with wine or beer for simmered for 90 minutes or more will see most of the alcohol cooked off.
A small amount of alcohol may still be present, but it’s likely going to be well under the .5% classification for non-alcoholic. The higher the burner on your simmer, the faster the alcohol will evaporate.
Whatever alcohol that’s still present is not likely to cause harm to anyone, including babies. But of course, if you want to be 100% sure, avoid giving babies or toddlers anything cooked with alcohol.
But I’ve followed those steps with my 3 kids without any issues whatsoever.
However, it’s worth pointing out that if you add alcohol later in the cooking process a much higher amount of alcohol will remain in the finished dish.
That’s especially true if you just add the alcohol to hot food or liquid and then remove it from the heat. And it’s even truer if you are flambéeing or lighting the alcohol on fire.
While that might look like it’s literally burning up the alcohol, your finished dish might actually have up to 75% of the alcohol still in the dish.
Is beer bread OK for kids?
Yes is the short answer.
Most types of beer bread will see alcohol content of at or well below .5% alcohol remaining in the final product, which classifies as non-alcoholic.
But that being said, if you want to err on the side of no alcohol whatsoever, you can make beer bread with any carbonated beverage, apple juice, or flavored water.
Also, bear in mind that your average beer bread recipe would likely make up to 8 servings with only 1 beer. So not only will most of the alcohol evaporate during the 1-hour baking process, but divided across 8 servings, it would still be a small amount of alcohol.
So for me and my family, I’m not worried about giving my toddler or older daughters beer bread.
Did I cover everything you wanted to know about whether toddlers can cook food cooked in wine (or other alcohol)?
In this article, we took a look at cooking with alcohol and serving the food to kids.
After all, while alcohol in recipes can make for some yummy food, no parent wants to accidentally give alcohol to their child.
So we looked at whether the alcohol truly cooks off, and if so, how long and how high of a temperature that takes.
Ultimately, we answered the question of can toddlers eat food cooked in wine with the answer of yes.
What’s your favorite recipe that uses wine?