Peptide therapeutics, a fast-emerging field of the pharmaceutical business, has gotten a lot of interest because of its potential to transform medication research and development. These small proteins, made up of short chains of amino acids, have shown promise in treating various ailments such as cancer, autoimmune disorders, and infectious diseases.
As researchers continue to investigate the possibilities of peptide therapies, these novel molecules may substantially impact the future of drug discovery.
One of the key reasons for the growing interest in peptide therapies is their ability to target specific biological processes precisely. In contrast to traditional small molecule medications, which frequently have off-target effects and can induce unpleasant side effects, peptides can be tailored to interact with specific proteins or receptors, reducing the likelihood of bad reactions.
This specificity is especially crucial in treating complicated disorders because targeting a single protein or pathway may not be enough to provide a therapeutic impact.
This article will look at unlocking the potential of peptides and discuss their benefits and application. Read on.
What Is Peptide Synthesis?
Peptide synthesis is creating small polypeptide sequences by adding one amino acid at a time. This method can generate specific sequences that reflect epitopes of specific protein domains that may or may not be changed by moieties such as phosphate groups. These short sequences are then injected into animals to stimulate antibody formation against that polypeptide.
Benefits Of Automating Peptide Synthesis
1. Reduces Error
The solid-phase peptide synthesis technique necessitates meticulous attention to detail. When done manually, the observing analyst should attentively monitor each stage to ensure that no elements become polluted and that all other procedures run well.
Furthermore, even the most meticulous analysts are human and may make mistakes jeopardizing the total throughput and experiment.
However, the possibility of error is eliminated when the entire SPPS process is automated. This results in fewer errors and overall losses, as well as increased validity and reliability of outcomes.
2. Increases Productivity
Productivity can be boosted by lowering the risk of error and increasing throughput. It means that when experiments have fewer flaws, analysis can progress further, and more resources, including skills and time, can be allocated.
Furthermore, in an automated SPPS procedure, analysts can deviate from specific protocols with pinpoint accuracy and certainty.
3. Increases Research Throughput
Another significant benefit of automating bespoke peptide synthesis is that such workstations streamline the process and increase research throughput.
As a result, such automated workstations can increase sample sizes by increasing the number of specimens evaluated on certain surfaces. This, in turn, can improve the overall accuracy of the experiment.
Synthetic Peptide Applications
1. Medical Imaging
Medical imaging is a medical specialty that uses X-rays and enzyme-linked immunoassay tests to examine the body’s musculoskeletal structure, interior tissues, and organs. It also involves molecular imaging, which enables remote observation, characterization, and quantification of specific molecules and biological processes.
The most frequent medical imaging approach, or isotope labeling, is radiolabelling. It comprises attaching a molecule to a radioactive chemical, allowing the molecule to be seen remotely as it moves through cells, tissues, and organs.
Specialists and researchers use medical imaging to study functions such as drug metabolism and disease pathogenesis while waiting for a diagnosis.
A protein expression service provider can collaborate with food firms to supply them with nutraceuticals. Nutraceuticals are food-derived products that provide medicinal benefits in addition to their nutritional benefits.
The nutraceutical sector is worth billions of dollars because of the increased interest in wellness among the general population. Furthermore, according to 2021 global market figures, the nutraceutical sector is worth $ 454.55 billion.
According to one assessment of the research, bioactive nutraceuticals are formed when digestive enzymes break down protein precursors in a cell. Aside from digestive enzymes, enzymes present during food preparation procedures such as fermentation can also form nutraceutical components.
Notably, protein expression service providers manufacture high-quality, non-toxic bioactive nutraceuticals using high-throughput methodologies. Certain protein expression service providers collaborate with ELISA kit makers to verify peptide function to ensure zero toxicity.
3. Peptides In the Cosmetic Industry
Another industry that uses peptides in its products is the worldwide cosmetic industry. According to one industry report, the global cosmetic sector is worth $254.08 billion. Furthermore, according to a report, the peptide cosmetic niche accounts for UD$ 1.8 million of the entire cosmetic business value.
Cosmetic peptides and peptide chains are organic compounds that help prevent or control skin dysfunctions while providing skin with a natural, young glow. They include amino acid chains that are the foundation for skin structure and elasticity proteins such as collagen and elastin.
In skincare products, bioactive peptides contain healing and rejuvenating characteristics that help slow premature skin aging and increase the skin’s moisture-locking capacity.
They also protect the skin from UV damage and promote healing by inducing anti-inflammatory properties. Serums and moisturizers are two popular skin care treatments that contain active peptides.
4. Preventive Medicine
Medical methods or efforts to avoid disease, disability, or death are referred to as preventive medicine. These practices either prevent disease attacks or reduce disease progression.
Vaccine creation and production are the most visible forms of preventive medicine; vaccinations have helped eradicate infectious diseases such as smallpox. Antibody generation and antibody sequencing are two critical components of preventative medicine. As a result, commercial peptide synthesis firms serve research institutes and the vaccine industry.
Initially, antibody synthesis involved injecting a deactivated target antigen into a host animal, causing its immune system to make corresponding antibodies. Following the immunization, a serum collection method was performed to obtain the antibodies produced from the host.
However, in vivo antibody production services halted several problems, including possible antigen toxicity and immunogenicity to researchers. Immunogenicity, or the body’s reaction to an antigen, can cause an undesirable immunological response in the host animal.
Fortunately, in vitro antibody generation services assisted by peptide synthesis are now available, reducing the requirement for animal hosts. Furthermore, peptide synthesis and antibody sequencing services directly provide synthetic antibody libraries or a database of human-like synthetic antibodies.
Bespoke gene synthesis and bespoke antibody manufacture are also facilitated by antibody libraries provided by antibody sequencing services.
Understanding that different peptide synthesis firms use different media and procedures to synthesize peptides is critical. Furthermore, the overall purification technique is typically based on a combination of separation methods that can utilize a peptide’s physicochemical properties, which include charge, size, and hydrophobicity.
However, in the present era, it has become critical to match the credibility and sophistication of synthetic chemistry, where various researchers and labs are continually looking for novel ways to make cutting-edge medicine. Nonetheless, peptide chemistry is a never-ending research subject, and most breakthroughs take years to apply to excellent peptide synthesis.