Curious about the Baumrind Parenting Styles and How Your Style Fits in?
Diana Baumrind is consider one of the top experts in identifying parenting styles.
Specifically she is a clinical psychologist whose studies on parenting styles are still considered groundbreaking today. When she released her work in the 1960’s she began a movement that saw the rise in the authoritative parenting style.
At the time the 2 dominant parenting styles were the permissive and the authoritarian.
In this post we’ll explore the Diana Baumrind parenting styles. We’ll also look at how they fit in with today’s modern world.
But most importantly, we’ll help identify which parenting style you are. And we’ll give actionable tips on how to change the areas you aren’t happy with.
What are the three main parenting styles according to Baumrind?
In truth I believe there are more than three main styles of parenting.
But at the time of her original work, the Baumrind parenting styles only included:
- Authoritative – This “parent attempts to direct the child’s activities but in a rational, issue-oriented manner.” The parent encourages verbal give and take. They share with the child the reasoning behind a policy. They also solicit objections when the child refuses to conform. “Both autonomous self-will and disciplined conformity are valued.”
- Authoritarian – This “parent attempts to shape, control, and evaluate the behavior and attitudes of the child in accordance with a set standard of conduct, usually an absolute standard”. The parent values obedience and favors punitive, forceful measures to curb self-will. The parent believes in keeping the child in their place. They restrict autonomy.
- Permissive – This parent attempts to behave in a lax and accepting manner towards the child’s impulses, desires, and actions. The parent makes few demands for household responsibility and orderly behavior. They are available for the child if needed but don’t model the behavior to would like to see in the child.
Check out what she and 4 other parent experts have to say in her groundbreaking book Parenting for Character. Amazingly available for under 10 bucks on Amazon Prime!
There are different parenting styles: permissive, authoritarian, 🥇authoritative🥇, and the new one being neglectful/uninvolved.
-Diana Baumrind pic.twitter.com/f3uGLtUTOc
— PsYCHoloGy (@jlopez160) January 10, 2018
The dangers of the neglectful parent
Later the neglectful style was split of from the permissive style by the work of Maccoby & Martin in 1983.
They believed that a neglectful parent was more selfish than a permissive parent. The neglectful parent is one who consistently puts their own need above the child’s needs.
Unlike the permissive parent who sets few boundaries but is available if needed, the neglectful parent is often mentally and/or physically unavailable to the child.
I believe that in today’s modern world there are actually 7 main parenting styles. If you’re curious about them but especially the 3 worst ones, I highly recommend you take a moment and take a look at my Poor Parenting Examples.
How does permissive parenting affect a child?
The permissive parent doesn’t want to be the heavy.
They don’t want to have to set boundaries and guidelines. In turn they see the child more as a friend than someone who needs guidance and structure.
This parent prefers to avoid the conflict that can come from holding kids accountable to a set of rules.
Often times age-appropriateness is an issue with the permissive parent. Ultimately the permissive parent is driven by their own insecurity and need to be loved. They (wrongly) believe that the child won’t love them if they set clear structure and boundaries.
It’s also easier (at least in the early years) to avoid tantrums and meltdowns by giving in to the child’s every whim.
— Belgrave Agency (@BelgraveAgency) December 14, 2016
The downsides of permissive parenting is that the child can sometimes not have a clear understanding or right and wrong. They may also use inappropriate language at school they learned from their parent.
Because they don’t have a clear sense of boundaries and rules as they age into adulthood they may have a hard time adapting to societal norms and rules.
All of this can lead to the child to grow up with a high sense of entitlement. After all they were allowed to do almost anything they wanted to as a child and as an adult it can be very hard to realize that life doesn’t work that way.
So if you’re seeing some of the Worst Child Behavioral Problems now, it’s time to take action. And that action should start with looking at ourselves.
Interested in the 2 Best Selling Parenting Books on Amazon Prime?
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Who came up with the different parenting styles?
Of course parenting has been around as long as human-kind has been around. One of the earliest known published works was in 1693 by John Locke’s called “Some Thoughts Concerning Education”.
But in modern times, there’s no denying that the Baumrind parenting styles are considered the foundation on which we operate.
As I mentioned above in 1983 her work was expounded and expanded by Maccoby and Martin.
Of course in today’s modern world many experts have added to the 3-4 original parenting styles with styles such as:
- Attachment Parenting
- Conscious Parenting
- Helicopter Parenting
In the early 70’s Baumrind also expanded her work to include how different races and parenting styles affect children. She was noted to have observed that Black parents using the authoritarian style were perceived more warmly and lovingly by their children than White parents.
For an excellent look at today’s parenting challenges, take a look at my post on the 11 Most Common Parenting Issues. I not only walk you through the issues, but give you some simple solutions you’ll love!
What is the best type of parenting style?
Diana Baumrind was the champion of the Authoritative parenting style.
She noted in one of her published works “(the [parents) monitor and impart clear standards for their children’s conduct. They are assertive, but not intrusive and restrictive. Their disciplinary methods are supportive, rather than punitive. They want their children to be assertive as well as socially responsible, and self-regulated as well as cooperative”.
You can read her complete published work on Baumrind’s parenting styles on the Wabash College website.
In truth, I think most of us are a blend of parenting styles. Even more true is that you likely aren’t the same style as your spouse or partner. Thus learning how to identify the different aspects of both parents is crucial.
For me, my wife and I blend attachment parenting and authoritative parenting with a little bit of conscious parenting.
For us that works perfectly. For you, you may find blending other styles works better.
There isn’t one style fits all but by just asking the questions and seeking knowledge about the Baumrind parenting styles as well as the others, that makes you a great parent.
Want to see an in-depth look at parenting in today’s world? Check out this excellent report by the Pew Research Center about Parenting in America.
After all, great parents aren’t perfect. But they don’t give up and they keep trying to get better.
What’s my favorite parenting book?
Strong Fathers, Strong Daughters: 10 Secrets Every Father Should Know by Dr. Meg Meeker. With 3 daughters I need all the help I can get! This amazing book has 1000 reviews and features 4.5 stars so I’m hardly alone in singing its praises.
But fear not, she also has Strong Mothers, Strong Sons: Lessons Mothers Need to Raise Extraordinary Men for those of you with sons. I have no experience with sons, but I know that book is equally amazing.
So what are the . . .
5 Crucial Tips the Baumrind Parenting Styles Can Teach You?
Diana Baumrind- There are three types of parenting styles. This is authoritative. This parenting style is conducive to success later in life pic.twitter.com/2hzDvXgq1l
— William Henley (@appsychWill) January 12, 2017
1. You can’t just pull rank on your kids
The authoritarian parent is a “because I said so” parent. They (incorrectly) believe that if they are firm enough, mean enough or loud enough the child will comply.
Kids may do what you want in the heat of the moment, but if you want them to behave well in your absence it’s important that they feel loved and respected.
When they feel that way, they’ll be much more apt to do as requested even when they disagree, and especially when you aren’t looking.
2. To be kind sometimes means being firm
The permissive parent foolishly believes that by being more friend than parent to their child that their child will be lovingly loyal and obedient.
In actuality while children crave boundaries, structure and guidelines, they may not always be receptive to them. As a parent its our job to ensure their safety, emotional growth and ability to live in the real world.
Sometimes we are required to do that even when it seems like it’s not welcome.
3. Being too restrictive with your kids could backfire
With an authoritarian parent, while the child may learn to do as requested out of fear. However, the child will be more afraid of the parent than loving, and ultimately will find ways to misbehave behind the parent’s back.
So if you have a specific request try giving it, and even a deadline if applicable. But then step back and let them figure out what works best for them to achieve it.
If they don’t hit the goal then talk through it with them so they understand what to do differently next time.
4. Telling kids the “why” behind your request is crucial
Most kids, once they hit age 6 or so are old enough to be told why something is being asked of them. Kids don’t always understand our requests. But explanations benefit the whole family in 2 important ways.
First it helps them to understand where we are coming from. But, more importantly, it let’s them know we respect them enough to take the time to explain our thoughts.
5. Model the behavior you want your kids to emulate
Kids learn best from watching how we behave. This is not only true with how we behave with them, but how we interact with our spouse, their teachers and anyone they see us connecting with.
Thus, while we should not pretend to be perfect, it’s crucial that we act and communicate in a way that we want them to do too.
If your kids see you berating waiters or yelling at your spouse you are literally programming them to behave the same way.
So we looked at the Baumrind parenting styles and also looked at how they fit in with how we life today. After all, the parenting work of Diana Baumrind was developed in the 1960’s and a lot has changed since then.
Thus it’s crucial that we take the information that’s helpful to us and blend it with what’s realistic for the modern world of today.
Most importantly we looked at how to identify what parenting style we are and how to change in the areas we want to grow in.
Parenting is the #1 most important thing that will save our planet. Children are literally our future and the generations we raise today will be the leaders of tomorrow and the parents of the future. Whether each generation gets a little bit better or worse is up to us!
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Have you struggled with your parenting style or how it relates to Baumrind parenting styles?
Any parenting tips not covered here?
Feel free to comment here or email me with any questions!